Universalistic Policy: The Case of Sweden
We describe the history of the Swedish universalistic policies with focus on children and families, starting with post-war progressive reforms, including child allowance, free school meals, and school health care. Much of the reforms, even up to the present time, were in the form of benefits in kind, such as school reforms, access to health care, improved and expanded child care and paid parental leave. The social protection of the poor, in terms of social assistance and housing allowances were meanwhile always an important policy complement, particularly during recessions. We show empirical data on the development of policies for children and families, and we also discuss trends in child poverty and child well-being.
About the presenters
Professor Carina Mood, Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)
Carina Mood is a professor at the Swedish Institute for Social Research. Her research interests include poverty, inequality, intergenerational transmission of advantage, and the welfare and wellbeing of children and youth. She is part of the Level of living team at the Institute. She is also affiliated to the Institute for Future Studies where she coordinates the research programme YOUNG, and heads the related project YOUNGWORK about early labour market outcomes.
Professor Janne Jonsson, University of Oxford
Janne Jonsson is Official Fellow and Professor of Sociology, Nuffield College, University of Oxford. His main research focus is social stratification, including studies of intergenerational processes and inequality in opportunity and living conditions. His areas of interest include poverty, family, children's wellbeing, social mobility and the class structure, and educational inequality. He has been the director of the Swedish Level of living survey since 1998.