Paul Helm, Chief Government Accountant
The Interim Financial Statements of the Government of New Zealand for the nine months ended 31 March 2019 (the financial statements) were released by the Treasury today. The financial statements are compared against forecasts based on the Half Year Economic and Fiscal Update 2018 (HYEFU 2018) published on 13 December 2018.
Core Crown tax revenue at $60.4 billion was $0.5 billion (0.9%) below forecast. Within this, GST was $0.4 billion below forecast and corporate tax $0.2 billion below forecast.
Core Crown expenses of $63.5 billion were $0.6 billion (0.9%) below forecast. Of this, $0.2 billion related to education expenses which were lower than forecast as a result of demand-driven factors across all sectors. Below forecast social assistance benefits and impairment of sovereign receivables made up a further $0.3 billion of this variance. The remainder of the variance was spread across a number of different areas.
The operating balance before gains and losses (OBEGAL) was a surplus of $2.5 billion, $0.3 billion higher than forecast. This was primarily driven by the Crown Entity sector with the largest impact relating to the Earthquake Commission.
When total gains and losses are added to the OBEGAL result, the operating balance was a $4.1 billion deficit, $6.8 billion lower than forecast. Total net losses were $6.7 billion, largely due to decreases in the discount rate (used to value long term liabilities in today’s dollars) and unfavourable movements in exchange rates.
Core Crown residual cash was a deficit of $2.6 billion, which was in line with forecast.
Net core Crown debt at $60.5 billion, or 20.6% of GDP was also close to forecast.
Total borrowings of $112.5 billion was $1.1 billion (1.0%) higher than forecast, primarily relating to the higher than forecast issuance of Treasury Bills.
Net worth attributable to the Crown at $125.9 billion (42.9% of GDP) was $7.0 billion lower than the forecast largely due to the operating balance deficit.
|$ million||Year to date||Full Year|
|Core Crown tax revenue||60,374||60,916||(542)||(0.9)||84,325|
|Core Crown revenue||65,635||66,110||(475)||(0.7)||91,323|
|Core Crown expenses||63,547||64,130||583||0.9||88,669|
|Core Crown residual cash||(2,626)||(3,128)||502||16.0||(4,993)|
|Net core Crown debt4||60,514||61,369||855||1.4||62,677|
|as a percentage of GDP||20.6%||20.9%||20.9%|
|as a percentage of GDP||29.1%||28.5%||27.6%|
|Operating balance before gains and losses||2,522||2,193||329||15.0||1,724|
|Operating balance (excluding minority interests)||(4,093)||2,662||(6,755)||(253.8)||3,112|
|Net worth attributable to the Crown||125,903||132,902||(6,999)||(5.3)||133,480|
- Using the most recently published GDP (for the year ended 31 December 2018) of $293,233 million (Source: Stats NZ).
- Favourable variances against forecast have a positive sign and unfavourable variances against forecast have a negative sign.
- Using HYEFU 18 forecast GDP for the year ending 30 June 2019 of $300,168 million (Source: The Treasury).
- Net core Crown debt excluding student loans and other advances. Net debt may fluctuate during the year largely reflecting the timing of tax receipts.
- Gross sovereign-issued debt excluding settlement cash and Reserve Bank bills.
EnquiriesKamlesh Patel | Office of the Government Accountant
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