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Globalisation, being the trend towards increasing global economic integration, is one of the largest forces, if not the largest force, affecting world economies at present. The current period of global economic integration is unprecedented and the pace and extent of globalisation will continue to have major ramifications for the world, regional and New Zealand economy. It is highly unlikely that the process of increasing global economic integration will reverse.
Globalisation offers both risks and opportunities. New Zealand can achieve significant benefits from future globalisation. The challenge will be to ensure that we are one of the adaptive economies that can successfully adopt policies that maximise the benefits and minimise the risks.
In responding to globalisation it is necessary to consider policies that promote a globally competitive environment for New Zealand businesses. Further consideration of how domestic policy settings look when viewed through an international competitiveness lens is imperative. This report offers preliminary views on what some of these policies should be. It does not answer fully the question of how New Zealand should respond to the challenges and opportunities of globalisation but it outlines initial views in order to stimulate debate on this topic.
I would like to thank Louise Allsopp, Steve Rylands, Pauline Nesdale, Struan Little, John Ballingal and Michelle Stevens for their help and assistance at various stages of the writing of this report.
This document was commissioned by the New Zealand Treasury. However, the views, opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in it are strictly those of the author(s), do not necessarily represent and should not be reported as those of the New Zealand Treasury or the New Zealand Government. The New Zealand Treasury and New Zealand Government take no responsibility for any errors, omissions in, or for the correctness of, the information contained in this Paper.
Table of Contents
- Executive Summary
- Part 1: Development of the global economy
- How globalisation until the late 1980s is similar to today.
- How global economic integration is different today
- Greater dispersion of production tasks
- Part 2: Future trends in the global economy
- Continued advances in technology and innovation
- Constraints and risks to global economic growth
- Social and political opposition to global integration
- Part 3: The risks and opportunities from globalisation for New Zealand
- New Zealand’s business environment relative to other countries
- How other countries are responding to the challenges and opportunities of globalisation
- Stocktake of how New Zealand is placed to respond to the challenges and opportunities of globalisation
- International Education
- A solid research, development and innovation framework
- Labour supply
- International recognition of New Zealand system of qualifications
- Summary and conclusions
- Appendix B
- United Kingdom